Trigger points are described as a tender spot in a tight band of muscle, that is painful on palpation or touch. They are commonly called “knots” and may cause pain locally, may refer pain to a different area of the body or may limit range of motion. They are caused by overactivity in a muscle, which may be a result of the likes of poor posture, muscle imbalances, overuse in sport or daily activities, or stress.
Trigger points often present as burning persistent pain or a deep throbbing pain in the muscle.
Ways to treat the trigger points are:
- Manual therapy which involves specific techniques used to release the trigger points in the muscle;
- Stretching the muscle;
- Rolling on a ball or a roller to release the trigger point;
- Dry needling which uses a sterile acupuncture needle in the trigger point to help release it;
- Identify the cause behind the overactive muscle, such as addressing the poor posture or retraining muscle activity and recruitment.