What is Knee meniscus?

knee-meniscusThe knee joint is made up of three bones, the femur (thigh bone), the tibia (shin bone) and the patella (knee cap). The knee joint is a hinge joint allowing two principal actions flexion (bending) and extension (straightening). The meniscus is “C shaped” discs made of tough cartilage called fibrocartilage. They are located on the tibial plateau (top surface of the tibia) between the tibia (shin bone) and the femur (thigh bone).

There is a lateral meniscus which is located on the outside of the knee joint, and a medial meniscus located on the inside of the knee joint. The meniscus plays a role in joint stability by creating a cup for the femur to sit in, and also act as a shock absorber for the knee by spreading compression forces from the femur over a wider area on the tibia. This function helps to protect the underlying joint surface cartilage that lines the bone surfaces from wearing out and developing degenerative arthritis.

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Beach running – with the good comes the bad

beach runningNot only does the beach offer a change in scenery, relaxation, and a potential source of motivation for training, it also offers a change in surface that is lower in impact and ground reaction forces. This change in surface can be beneficial for people with bony impact related injuries or for people who train frequently on a hard track and want to mix up their training load with a lighter impact session. Read more

Ankle sprains can often lead to chronic knee pain

physio-ankle-treatmentAnkle sprains can often lead to chronic knee pain such as patellofemoral (kneecap) pain, jumper’s knee, runner’s knee.

Ankle sprains can alter ankle joint mechanics and cause reduced ankle movement (particularly dorsiflexion of the ankle). This reduction in ankle dorsiflexion causes increased valgus movement on the knee in functional tasks/ sports. Read more